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1.CCER浜ゆ槗鐨勭珛娉曟垚鏋?/p>

2012騫達紝鍥藉鍙戞敼濮旈甯冧簡銆婃俯瀹ゆ皵浣撹嚜鎰垮噺鎺掍氦鏄撶鐞嗘殏琛屽姙娉曘€嬶紝瑙勫畾娓╁姘斾綋鑷効鍑忔帓閲忓簲鍦ㄧ粡鍥藉涓葷閮ㄩ棬澶囨鐨勪氦鏄撴満鏋勫唴錛屼緷鎹氦鏄撴満鏋勫埗瀹氱殑浜ゆ槗緇嗗垯榪涜浜ゆ槗銆備互澶囨綆$悊鐨勬柟寮忛紦鍔卞浗鍐呭鏈烘瀯銆佷紒涓氥€佸洟浣撳拰涓漢鍧囧弬涓庢俯瀹ゆ皵浣撹嚜鎰垮噺鎺掗噺浜ゆ槗銆?014騫村浗瀹跺彂鏀瑰棰佸竷鐨勩€婄⒊鎺掓斁鏉冧氦鏄撶鐞嗘殏琛屽姙娉曘€嬬鍗佸叓鏉$殑瑙勫畾錛岀⒊鎺掓斁鏉冨競鍦哄垵鏈熶氦鏄撲駭鍝佷負鎺掓斁閰嶉鍜屽浗瀹舵牳璇佽嚜鎰垮噺鎺掗噺錛圕CER錛夛紝閫傛椂澧炲姞鍏朵粬浜ゆ槗浜у搧銆?/p>

浣嗙敱鐢熸€佺幆澧冮儴鏈€鏂伴甯冪殑銆婄⒊鎺掓斁鏉冧氦鏄撶鐞嗗姙娉曪紙璇曡錛夈€嬨€併€婄⒊鎺掓斁鏉冧氦鏄撶鐞嗚鍒欙紙璇曡錛夈€嬪拰銆婄⒊鎺掓斁鏉冧氦鏄撶鐞嗘殏琛屾潯渚嬶紙鑽夋淇敼紼匡級銆嬪潎鏈槑紜叏鍥界⒊鎺掓斁鏉冧氦鏄撳競鍦虹殑浜ゆ槗浜у搧鏄惁鍖呭惈鍥藉鏍歌瘉鑷効鍑忔帓閲忋€備絾鍚屾椂銆婄鐞嗗姙娉曘€嬨€併€婃殏琛屾潯渚嬨€嬬殕璁ゅ彲閲嶇偣鎺掓斁鍗曚綅鍙互璐拱緇忚繃鏍歌瘉騫剁櫥璁扮殑娓╁姘斾綋鍓婂噺鎺掓斁閲忥紝鐢ㄤ簬鎶甸攢鍏朵竴瀹氭瘮渚嬬殑紕蟲帓鏀鵑厤棰濇竻緙淬€傜敱姝ゅ彲瑙侊紝鏍規嵁涓婅堪娉曞緥瑙勫畾錛屽叏鍥界⒊鎺掓斁鏉冧氦鏄撳競鍦烘槑紜殑浜ゆ槗浜у搧涓虹⒊鎺掓斁閰嶉錛孋CER浣滀負鎶墊秷閰嶉鐨勬竻緙村艦寮忓瓨鍦ㄣ€?/p>

2.CCER浜ゆ槗鐨勫競鍦烘儏鍐?/p>

鑷効鍑忔帓欏圭洰浜?015騫?鏈堟寮忓惎鍔ㄤ氦鏄擄紝鍥藉鍙戝睍鍜屾敼闈╁鍦?017騫?鏈堝彂甯冨叕鍛婃殏鍋淐CER欏圭洰鍜屽噺鎺掗噺澶囨鐢寵錛岀洰鍓嶅皻鏈夊緟鐢熸€佺幆澧冮儴鏄庣‘鏈€緇堢殑鑷効鍑忔帓浜ゆ槗鏀歸潻鏂規錛岄噸鍚疌CER欏圭洰鍜屽噺鎺掗噺瀹℃壒銆傛埅鑷?016騫?2鏈堬紝宸茬粡澶囨鐨?瀹舵俯瀹ゆ皵浣撹嚜鎰垮噺鎺掍氦鏄撳鉤鍙板潎寮€灞曚簡CCER浜ゆ槗錛屽寘鎷瘯鐐圭⒊甯傚満鐨?瀹朵氦鏄撳鉤鍙頒互鍙婂洓宸濊仈鍚堢幆澧冧氦鏄撴墍鍜屾搗宄¤偂鏉冧氦鏄撲腑蹇冿紝杈愬皠鍏ㄥ浗涓滀腑瑗塊儴鍦板尯銆傞€氳繃榪?瀹朵氦鏄撳鉤鍙幫紝鍦哄唴銆佸満澶朇CER浜ゆ槗寰椾互榪涜銆?021騫?鏈?7鏃ワ紝鐢熸€佺幆澧冮儴絳夊叓閮ㄩ棬鍗板彂銆婂叧浜庡姞寮鴻嚜鐢辮錘鏄撹瘯楠屽尯鐢熸€佺幆澧冧繚鎶ゆ帹鍔ㄩ珮璐ㄩ噺鍙戝睍鐨勬寚瀵兼剰瑙併€嬶紙鐜患鍚堛€?021銆?4鍙鋒寚瀵兼剰瑙併€嬨€傘€婃寚瀵兼剰瑙併€嬫彁鍑猴紝瑕侀紦鍔卞寳浜嚜璐歌瘯楠屽尯璁劇珛鍏ㄥ浗鑷効鍑忔帓絳夌⒊浜ゆ槗涓績錛岄紦鍔卞悇鑷錘璇曢獙鍖哄埄鐢ㄧ幇鏈変駭涓氭姇璧勫熀閲戯紝鍔犲ぇ瀵圭⒊鍑忔帓欏圭洰鐨勬敮鎸佸姏搴︼紝寮曞紺句細璧勬湰鍙備笌姘斿€欐姇铻嶈祫璇曠偣銆?/p>

鎴嚦CCER鎭㈠澶囨鍓嶏紝緇忓叕紺哄瀹氱殑娓╁姘斾綋鑷効鍑忔帓欏圭洰宸茬粡绱杈?871涓紝澶囨欏圭洰1047涓紝瀹為檯鍑忔帓閲忓妗堥」鐩害400涓紝澶囨鍑忔帓閲忕害7200涓囧惃CO2褰撻噺錛坱CO2e錛夈€備粠欏圭洰綾誨瀷鐪嬶紝椋庣數銆佸厜浼忋€佸啘鏉戞埛鐢ㄦ布姘斻€佹按鐢電瓑欏圭洰杈冨銆傛牴鎹腑鍒涚⒊鎶曠粺璁★紝鎴嚦2020騫?2鏈?1鏃ワ紝鍏ㄥ浗CCER绱鎴愪氦2. 68浜垮惃銆傚叾涓笂嫻稢CER绱鎴愪氦閲忔寔緇璺戯紝瓚呰繃1浜垮惃錛屽崰姣?1%錛涘箍涓滄帓鍚嶇浜岋紝鍗犳瘮20%錛涘寳浜€佹繁鍦熾€佸洓宸濄€佺寤哄拰澶╂觸鐨凜CER绱鎴愪氦閲忓湪1000涓囧惃锝?000涓囧惃涔嬮棿錛屽崰姣斿垎鍒湪4%锝?0%涔嬮棿錛涙箹鍖楀競鍦轟氦鏄撲笉瓚?000 涓囧惃錛岄噸搴嗗競鍦烘殏鏃犳垚浜ゃ€傦紙瑙佸浘6錛?/p>

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鍥涖€佺⒊鎺掓斁鏉冧氦鏄撹绱犲拰浜ゆ槗鏈哄埗

錛堜竴錛変氦鏄撲富浣?/p>

鐩墠錛屽叏鍥界⒊鎺掓斁鏉冧氦鏄撳競鍦哄茍涓嶅悜鎵€鏈変富浣撳紑鏀撅紝鍙湁閲嶇偣鎺掓斁鍗曚綅浠ュ強絎﹀悎鍥藉鏈夊叧浜ゆ槗瑙勫垯鐨勬満鏋勫拰涓漢錛屾墠鏄叏鍥界⒊鎺掓斁鏉冧氦鏄撳競鍦虹殑浜ゆ槗涓諱綋銆?/p>

1.閲嶇偣鎺掓斁鍗曚綅

鍥藉姟闄㈢敓鎬佺幆澧冧富綆¢儴闂ㄦ牴鎹浗瀹剁‘瀹氱殑娓╁姘斾綋鎺掓斁鎺у埗鐩爣錛屽埗瀹氱撼鍏ュ叏鍥界⒊鎺掓斁鏉冧氦鏄撳競鍦虹殑娓╁姘斾綋閲嶇偣鎺掓斁鍗曚綅錛堜互涓嬬畝縐伴噸鐐規帓鏀懼崟浣嶏級鐨勭‘瀹氭潯浠訛紝騫跺悜紺句細鍏竷銆?/p>

鐪佺駭鐢熸€佺幆澧冧富綆¢儴闂ㄦ寜鐓ч噸鐐規帓鏀懼崟浣嶇殑紜畾鏉′歡錛屽埗瀹氭湰琛屾斂鍖哄煙閲嶇偣鎺掓斁鍗曚綅鍚嶅綍錛屽悜鍥藉姟闄㈢敓鎬佺幆澧冧富綆¢儴闂ㄦ姤鍛婏紝騫跺悜紺句細鍏紑銆?/p>

婊¤凍浠ヤ笅鏉′歡鐨勬俯瀹ゆ皵浣撴帓鏀懼崟浣嶏紝鎵嶅彲琚垪鍏ュ浗瀹舵俯瀹ゆ皵浣撻噸鐐規帓鏀懼崟浣嶅悕褰曪紝鐢卞浗瀹跺垎閰嶇⒊鎺掓斁閰嶉錛屽茍鍙備笌浜ゆ槗錛?/p>

錛?錛夊睘浜庡叏鍥界⒊鎺掓斁鏉冧氦鏄撳競鍦鴻鐩栬涓氾紱

錛?錛夊勾搴︽俯瀹ゆ皵浣撴帓鏀鵑噺杈懼埌2.6涓囧惃浜屾哀鍖栫⒊褰撻噺銆?/p>

鎴嚦鐩墠錛岀敓鎬佺幆澧冮儴浠呴拡瀵瑰彂鐢佃涓氬彂甯冧簡銆?019-2020騫村叏鍥界⒊鎺掓斁鏉冧氦鏄撻厤棰濇€婚噺璁懼畾涓庡垎閰嶆柟妗堬紙鍙戠數琛屼笟錛夈€嬪拰銆婄撼鍏?019-2020騫村叏鍥界⒊鎺掓斁鏉冧氦鏄撻厤棰濈鐞嗙殑綰沖叆浼佷笟鍚嶅崟銆嬨€傚洜姝ょ洰鍓嶈兘澶熷弬涓庡叏鍥界⒊甯傚満鐨勮綰沖叆浼佷笟浠呴檺浜庡彂鐢佃涓氫紒涓氾紝鍓╀綑涓冨ぇ閲嶇偣鑳借€楄涓氾紙鍗崇煶鍖栥€佸寲宸ャ€佸緩鏉愩€侀挗閾併€佹湁鑹層€侀€犵焊鍜屾皯鑸級鏈夋湜灝嗘潵琚€愭綰沖叆銆?021騫?鏈?鏃ヨ搗鍏ㄥ浗紕沖競鍦虹涓€涓飽綰﹀懆鏈熸寮忓惎鍔紝2225瀹跺彂鐢典紒涓氶鍏堝垎鍒扮⒊鎺掓斁閰嶉銆?/p>

2.絎﹀悎鍥藉鏈夊叧浜ゆ槗瑙勫垯鐨勬満鏋勫拰涓漢

瀵逛簬鍏朵粬鏈烘瀯鍜屼釜浜猴紝銆婄⒊鎺掓斁鏉冧氦鏄撶鐞嗘殏琛屾潯渚嬶紙鑽夋淇敼紼匡級銆嬶紙鐜姙渚垮嚱[2021]117鍙鳳級灝氭湭緇欏嚭鏄庣‘鈥滅鍚堜氦鏄撹鍒欌€濈殑鏍囧噯錛屼絾涓氱晫鏅亶璁や負錛岃繖鍏跺疄鏄粰闈炴帶鎺掍紒涓氬拰涓漢錛堝寘鎷澶栦富浣擄級鍙備笌鍏ㄥ浗紕沖競鍦轟氦鏄撳紑浜嗏€滃彛瀛愨€濄€?020騫?0鏈?0鏃ワ紝鐢熸€佺幆澧冮儴銆佸浗瀹跺彂灞曞拰鏀歸潻濮斿憳浼氥€佷腑鍥戒漢姘戦摱琛屻€佷腑鍥介摱琛屼繚闄╃洃鐫g鐞嗗鍛樹細銆佷腑鍥借瘉鍔電洃鐫g鐞嗗鍛樹細絳変簲閮ㄩ棬鑱斿悎鍙戝竷銆婂叧浜庝績榪涘簲瀵規皵鍊欏彉鍖栨姇铻嶈祫鐨勬寚瀵兼剰瑙併€嬶紙鐜皵鍊欍€?020銆?7鍙鳳級銆傛剰瑙佹寚鍑猴紝瑕侀€愭鎵╁ぇ紕蟲帓鏀炬潈浜ゆ槗涓諱綋鑼冨洿錛岄€傛椂澧炲姞絎﹀悎浜ゆ槗瑙勫垯鐨勬姇璧勬満鏋勫拰涓漢鍙備笌紕蟲帓鏀炬潈浜ゆ槗銆?/p>

錛堜簩錛変氦鏄撴爣鐨?/p>

銆婄⒊鎺掓斁鏉冧氦鏄撶鐞嗗姙娉曪紙璇曡錛夈€嬨€併€婄⒊鎺掓斁鏉冧氦鏄撶鐞嗚鍒欙紙璇曡錛夈€嬪拰銆婄⒊鎺掓斁鏉冧氦鏄撶鐞嗘殏琛屾潯渚嬶紙鑽夋淇敼紼匡級銆嬬殕瑙勫畾浜嗙洰鍓嶅叏鍥界⒊甯傚満鐨勪氦鏄撴爣鐨勪負紕蟲帓鏀鵑厤棰濓紝鐢熸€佺幆澧冮儴鎸夌収鍥藉鏈夊叧瑙勫畾鎴栫粡鍥藉姟闄㈡壒鍑嗗彲浠ラ€傛椂澧炲姞鍏朵粬浜ゆ槗浜у搧銆?/p>

1.紕蟲帓鏀鵑厤棰?/p>

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[1]鎴村織榪?緇胯壊閲戣瀺鍔╁姏瀹炵幇鈥滃弻紕斥€濈洰鏍嘯N].涓浗鍩庝埂閲戣瀺鎶?2021-06-02(A02).

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[3]钖涢,鍛ㄦ皯鑹?涓浗紕充氦鏄撳競鍦鴻妯$殑鍑忔帓鏁堝簲鐮旂┒[J].鍗庝笢緇忔祹綆$悊,2021,35(06):11-21.

[4]鍚村槈棰?寰愰椈瀹?鍏ㄧ悆紕蟲帓鏀炬潈浜ゆ槗甯傚満寤鴻姝ヤ紣鍔犲揩[N].鏈熻揣鏃ユ姤,2021-05-19(003).

[5]鍒樺皬鍏? 瑙h紕寵揪宄扮⒊涓拰鐨勫疄鐜拌礬寰刐N]. 涓浗鐭沖寲鎶?2021-06-02(004).

[6]緲熶附褰?紕充氦鏄撳競鍦猴細紕充腑鍜岀殑鈥滄帓澶村叺鈥漑J].涓浗宸ヤ笟鍜屼俊鎭寲,2021(05):48-53.

[7]鐜嬬,寮犱附鍗?鍥介檯紕充氦鏄撴満鍒跺鏉傚寲鍙婁腑鍥藉簲瀵筟J].鍥介檯灞曟湜,2021,13(03):42-57+153-154.

[8]鍒樻弧騫?鎴戝浗瀹炵幇鈥滅⒊涓拰鈥濈洰鏍囩殑鎸戞垬涓庢斂絳栧緩璁甗J].褰撲唬鐭蟲補鐭沖寲,2021,29(04):1-9.

[9]寮犺穬鍐?紕沖競鍦哄鈥滅⒊杈懼嘲鈥濃€滅⒊涓拰鈥濈殑鍔╂帹浣滅敤鏈哄埗鈥斺€斻€婄⒊浜ゆ槗鏁堢巼涓庝紒涓氬噺鎺掑喅絳栫爺絀躲€嬩功璇刐J].涓浗鐭蟲補澶у瀛︽姤(紺句細縐戝鐗?,2021,37(02):117.

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[14]闄堢傳鑿憋紝娼樺鍧紝鏉庝匠濂囷紝絳?涓浗紕充氦鏄撹瘯鐐瑰彂灞曠幇鐘躲€侀棶棰樺強瀵圭瓥鍒嗘瀽[J].緇忔祹鐮旂┒瀵煎垔錛?019(07):160-161.

[15]涓浗紕沖競鍦?020騫村害鎬葷粨錛氬疄鐜扮⒊涓拰鐩爣鐨勭┛浜戠[Z].姘斿€欒鍔ㄩ潚騫磋仈鐩燂紝2021-01-04.

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